What is it?
Periodontal or “gum” diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. The disease comes in many different forms and has several warning signs.
Warning Signs of Periodontal Disease Include the Following:
- Periodontal pockets and bone loss found by your dentist or hygienist.
- Red, swollen or tender gums.
- Bleeding while brushing or flossing.
- Gums that pull away from the teeth.
- Loose or separating teeth.
- Pus between the gum and tooth.
- Persistent bad breath.
- Change in the way the teeth fit together when you bite.
- Change in the fit of a partial denture.
There is a growing body of scientific evidence suggesting possible links between periodontal disease and other systemic diseases such as diabetes and coronary artery disease.